Professor Iain Pretty BDS(Hons), MSc, PhD, MFDSRCS (Ed), FDS (DPH) RCS (Ed)

Photograph of Iain Pretty

Professor of Public Health Dentistry

The Dental Health Unit 
Williams House
Manchester Science Park
Lloyd Street North
M15 6SE


I am the co-director of the Colgate Palmolive Dental Health Unit at the School of Dentistry and an honarary consultant in Dental Public Health.  I also have an interest in forensic dentistry and in particular the evidence base supporting the use of bitemark analyses in court proceedings.


  • Recently we have been involved in the following projects:
  • Water fluoridation studies in Thailand looking at dose response and fluorosis
  • Water fluoridation studies in schools in Newcastle and Manchester
  • Investigating the role of diet assessment in clinical trials
  • Undertaking health technology assessments of new diagnostic systems
  • Hyperspectral imaging systems including Near Infra-red
  • Gingival blood flow measurements


My teaching responsibilities relate to the delivery of courses to PGR students as well as running one of the first year symposia on Caries Management and Diagnosis. I was previously a clinical teacher for several years working to deliver the undergraduate programme.


Research Interests

I am a Professor Public Health Dentistry and former NIHR Clinician Scientist.  I joined the School of Dentistry at the University of Manchester in 2002 as a clinical teacher and then spent a year as a Research Fellow at the Dental health Unit. My research interests lie in the assessment of diagnostic methodologies in dentistry, the provision and services of primary care dentistry and the interface with secondary care. I have attracted over $1.5 million in research funding for these projects.

Our diagnostic team is currently examining the following aspects of oral diagnosis:

  • Caries
    Assessment of optical and electronic methods of early caries detection including the assessment of QLF, ECM and other novel devices.
  • Gingivitis
    We are examining the possibility of using laser doppler, thermal imaging and 3D laser scanning to assess gingival inflammation and assess novel means of objectively measuring this condition.
  • Fluorosis
    Using fluorescent imaging we can develop more objective and quantative measures of enamel fluorosis; this is a key target of the MRC and Department of Health. We are also working with the CDC in the United States to incorporate this technology in the NHANES survey

I am also interested in the following aspects of health services research:

  • Demand Management

I am interested in referral patterns and practice from primary care to secondary care.  We have undertaken work in developing indicators of need (such as the IOSN for dental sedation) and well as referal management systems using the latest web based technologies. Our research explores the need, demand and provider structure interfaces.  Such work aims to improve access for patients, reduce wait times and ensures that services provide value for money while developing quality

  • End of life & start of life care

Our research group is currently exploring the nature of populations who access care at the start and end of life.  For children we are keen to explore the reason why so many indivdiuals in the North West continue to access general anaesthetic extraction services.  For those adults in residential and nursing homes we are keen to explore their needs and what dental services need to do in order to secure health and well being.


Our research team is based at the Dental Health Unit - a co-funded organization with Colgate-Palmolive.

Collaborators and affiliated staff

Our group collaborates widely within and outside of the University:

  • Oral Health Unit
  • University of Chaing-Mai, Thailand
  • University of Cheng-Du, China
  • University of Indiana, USA



  • Brocklehurst, P., Mackay, L., Goldthorpe, J. & Pretty, I (2015). Older people and oral health: setting a patient-centred research agenda. Gerodontology, 32(3), 222-8. eScholarID:272391 | PMID:26009973 | DOI:10.1111/ger.12199
  • Goodwin, M., Pretty, I. & Sanders, C (2015). A study of the provision of hospital based dental General Anaesthetic services for children in the North West of England: Part 2--the views and experience of families and dentists regarding service needs, treatment and prevention. BMC Oral Health, 15, 47. eScholarID:272392 | PMID:25881325 | DOI:10.1186/s12903-015-0029-3
  • Goodwin, M., Sanders, C. & Pretty, I (2015). A study of the provision of hospital based dental general anaesthetic services for children in the northwest of England: part 1--a comparison of service delivery between six hospitals. BMC Oral Health, 15, 50. eScholarID:272393 | PMID:25912074 | DOI:10.1186/s12903-015-0028-4
  • Goodwin, M., Sanders, C., Davies, G., Walsh, T. & Pretty, I (2015). Issues arising following a referral and subsequent wait for extraction under general anaesthetic: impact on children. BMC Oral Health, 15, 3. eScholarID:272394 | PMID:25595299 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-15-3


  • Chew, H., Zakian, C., Pretty, I. & Ellwood, R (2014). Measuring initial enamel erosion with quantitative light-induced fluorescence and optical coherence tomography: an in vitro validation study. Caries Res, 48(3), 254-62. eScholarID:235776 | PMID:24481141 | DOI:10.1159/000354411
  • Gomez, J., Ellwood, R., Martignon, S. & Pretty, I (2014). Dentists' perspectives on caries-related treatment decisions. Community Dent Health, 31(2), 91-8. eScholarID:235779 | PMID:25055606
  • Gomez, J., Pretty, I., Santarpia, R., Cantore, B., Rege, A., Petrou, I. & Ellwood, R (2014). Quantitative light-induced fluorescence to measure enamel remineralization in vitro. Caries Res, 48(3), 223-7. eScholarID:235777 | PMID:24481051 | DOI:10.1159/000354655
  • Pretty, I (2014). The life course, care pathways and elements of vulnerability. A picture of health needs in a vulnerable population. Gerodontology, 31 Suppl 1, 1-8. eScholarID:235780 | PMID:24446973 | DOI:10.1111/ger.12092
  • Pretty, I., Ellwood, R., Lo, E., MacEntee, M., Müller, F., Rooney, E., Murray Thomson, W., Van der Putten, G., Ghezzi, E., Walls, A. & Wolff, M (2014). The Seattle Care Pathway for securing oral health in older patients. Gerodontology, 31 Suppl 1, 77-87. eScholarID:235872 | PMID:24446984 | DOI:10.1111/ger.12098
  • Pretty, I., Ellwood, R., Lo, E., MacEntee, M., Müller, F., Rooney, E., Murray Thomson, W., Van der Putten, G., Ghezzi, E., Walls, A. & Wolff, M (2014). The Seattle Care Pathway for securing oral health in older patients. Gerodontology, 31 Suppl 1, 77-87. eScholarID:272395 | PMID:24446984 | DOI:10.1111/ger.12098


  • Boye, U., Foster, G., Pretty, I. & Tickle, M (2013). The views of examiners on the use of intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies. Community Dent Health, 30(1), 34-8. eScholarID:235793 | PMID:23550505
  • Boye, U., Pretty, I., Tickle, M. & Walsh, T (2013). Comparison of caries detection methods using varying numbers of intra-oral digital photographs with visual examination for epidemiology in children. BMC Oral Health, 13, 6. eScholarID:235782 | PMID:23312001 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-6
  • Boye, U., Willasey, A., Walsh, T., Tickle, M. & Pretty, I (2013). Comparison of an intra-oral photographic caries assessment with an established visual caries assessment method for use in dental epidemiological studies of children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 41(6), 526-33. eScholarID:235783 | PMID:23566100 | DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12049
  • Gomez, J., Zakian, C., Salsone, S., Pinto, S., Taylor, A., Pretty, I. & Ellwood, R (2013). In vitro performance of different methods in detecting occlusal caries lesions. J Dent, 41(2), 180-6. eScholarID:235788 | PMID:23146817 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2012.11.003
  • Juliana Gomez1,2,*, M. Tellez3, I.A. Pretty1, R.P. Ellwood1, A.I. Ismail3. (2013). Non-cavitated carious lesions detection methods: a systematic review. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidiemiology, 41(1), 55-66. eScholarID:188090
  • Liu, T., Pretty, I. & Goodwin, M (2013). Estimating the need for dental sedation: evaluating the threshold of the IOSN tool in an adult population. Br Dent J, 214(8), E23. eScholarID:235786 | PMID:23619889 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.427
  • Pretty, I. & Ellwood, R (2013). The caries continuum: opportunities to detect, treat and monitor the re-mineralization of early caries lesions. J Dent, 41 Suppl 2, S12-21. eScholarID:235792 | PMID:23985434 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2010.04.003
  • Tellez, M., Gomez, J., Kaur, S., Pretty, I., Ellwood, R. & Ismail, A (2013). Non-surgical management methods of noncavitated carious lesions. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 41(1), 79-96. eScholarID:235791 | PMID:23253076 | DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12028
  • Yin, W., Hu, D., Fan, X., Feng, Y., Zhang, Y., Cummins, D., Mateo, L., Pretty, I. & Ellwood, R (2013). A clinical investigation using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) of the anticaries efficacy of a dentifrice containing 1.5% arginine and 1450 ppm fluoride as sodium monofluorophosphate. J Clin Dent, 24 Spec no A, A15-22. eScholarID:235778 | PMID:24156136
  • Yin, W., Hu, D., Li, X., Fan, X., Zhang, Y., Pretty, I., Mateo, L., Cummins, D. & Ellwood, R (2013). The anti-caries efficacy of a dentifrice containing 1.5% arginine and 1450 ppm fluoride as sodium monofluorophosphate assessed using Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF). J Dent, 41 Suppl 2, S22-8. eScholarID:235790 | PMID:23985435 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2010.04.004


  • Boye, U., Foster, G., Pretty, I. & Tickle, M (2012). Children's views on the experience of a visual examination and intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies. Community Dent Health, 29(4), 284-8. eScholarID:235795 | PMID:23488210
  • Boye, U., Walsh, T., Pretty, I. & Tickle, M (2012). Comparison of photographic and visual assessment of occlusal caries with histology as the reference standard. BMC Oral Health, 12, 10. eScholarID:235796 | PMID:22540771 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-10
  • Cooper, L., Komarov, G., Shaw, K., Pretty, I., Ellwood, R., Birkhed, D., Smith, P., Flannigan, N. & Higham, S (2012). Effect of post-brushing mouthwash solutions on salivary fluoride retention--study 2. J Clin Dent, 23(3), 92-6. eScholarID:235887 | PMID:23210420
  • Currie, R., Pretty, I., Tickle, M. & Maupomé, G (2012). Conundrums in health care reform: current experiences across the North Atlantic. J Public Health Dent, 72(2), 143-8. eScholarID:235794 | PMID:22316052 | DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2011.00294.x
  • Currie, R., Pretty, I., Tickle, M. & Maupomé, G (2012). Letter from America: UK and US state-funded dental provision. Community Dent Health, 29(4), 315-20. eScholarID:235890 | PMID:23488216
  • Davies, G., Pretty, I., Neville, J. & Goodwin, M (2012). Investigation of the value of a photographic tool to measure self-perception of enamel opacities. BMC Oral Health, 12, 41. eScholarID:235892 | PMID:23046485 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-41
  • Ellwood, R., Gomez, J., Goma, J. & Pretty, I (2012). Caries clinical trial methods for the assessment of oral care products in the 21st century. Adv Dent Res, 24(2), 32-5. eScholarID:235797 | PMID:22899676 | DOI:10.1177/0022034512449464
  • Iain A Pretty, Michael McGrady, Christian Zakian, Roger P Ellwood, Andrew Taylor, M. Owaise Sharif, Timothy Iafolla, Angeles Martinez-Mier, Patcharawan Srisilapanan, Narumanas Korwanich, Michaela Goodwin, Bruce A Dye. (2012). Quantitative Light Fluorescence (QLF) and Polarized White Light (PWL) assessments of dental fluorosis in an epidemiological setting. BMC Public Health, 2012(May), art366. eScholarID:150637 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-366
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R., Goodwin, M., Boothman, N. & Pretty, I (2012). Adolescents' perceptions of the aesthetic impact of dental fluorosis vs. other dental conditions in areas with and without water fluoridation. BMC Oral Health, 12, art4. eScholarID:179300 | PMID:22325055 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-4
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R., Maguire, A., Goodwin, M., Boothman, N. & Pretty, I (2012). The association between social deprivation and the prevalence and severity of dental caries and fluorosis in populations with and without water fluoridation. BMC Public Health, 12, art1122. eScholarID:188083 | PMID:23272895 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1122
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R., Srisilapanan, P., Korwanich, N., Taylor, A., Goodwin, M. & Pretty, I (2012). Dental fluorosis in populations from Chiang Mai, Thailand with different fluoride exposures - Paper 2: The ability of fluorescence imaging to detect differences in fluorosis prevalence and severity for different fluoride intakes from water. BMC Oral Health, 12, art33. eScholarID:179296 | PMID:22908997 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-33
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R., Srisilapanan, P., Korwanich, N., Worthington, H. & Pretty, I (2012). Dental fluorosis in populations from Chiang Mai, Thailand with different fluoride exposures - paper 1: assessing fluorosis risk, predictors of fluorosis and the potential role of food preparation. BMC Oral Health, 12, 16. eScholarID:235799 | PMID:22720834 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-16
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R., Taylor, A., Maguire, A., Goodwin, M., Boothman, N. & Pretty, I (2012). Evaluating the use of fluorescent imaging for the quantification of dental fluorosis. BMC Oral Health, 12, 47. eScholarID:188084 | PMID:23116324 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-47
  • Salsone, S., Taylor, A., Gomez, J., Pretty, I., Ellwood, R., Dickinson, M., Lombardo, G. & Zakian, C (2012). Histological validation of near-infrared reflectance multispectral imaging technique for caries detection and quantification. J Biomed Opt, 17(7), 076009. eScholarID:235894 | PMID:22894492 | DOI:10.1117/1.JBO.17.7.076009
  • Tellez, M., Gomez, J., Pretty, I., Ellwood, R. & Ismail, A (2012). Evidence on existing caries risk assessment systems: are they predictive of future caries? Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, eScholarID:179376 | PMID:22978796 | DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12003


  • Elemam, R. & Pretty, I (2011). Comparison of the success rate of endodontic treatment and implant treatment. ISRN Dent, 2011, 640509. eScholarID:144797 | PMID:21991484 | DOI:10.5402/2011/640509
  • Farrier, S., Pretty, I., Lynch, C. & Addy, L (2011). Gagging during impression making: techniques for reduction. Dent Update, 38(3), 171-2, 174-6. eScholarID:144794 | PMID:21667831
  • Goodwin M, Pretty IA. (2011). Estimating the need for dental sedation. 3. Analysis of factors contributing to non-attendance for dental treatment in the general population, across 12 English primary care trusts. British Dental Journal, 211(12), 599-603. eScholarID:150632 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.1053
  • Pretty IA, Goodwin M, Coulthard P, Bridgman CM, Gough L, Jenner T, Sharif MO. (2011). Estimating the need for dental sedation. 2. Using IOSN as a health needs assessment tool. British Dental Journal, 211(5), eScholarID:132981 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.726


  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I (2010). Water fluoridation as a public health measure. Dent Update, 37(10), 658-60, 662-4. eScholarID:144796 | PMID:21290902
  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I (2010). Why fluoride? Dent Update, 37(9), 595-8, 601-2. eScholarID:144795 | PMID:21179929
  • Pretty, I. & Sweet, D (2010). A paradigm shift in the analysis of bitemarks. Forensic Sci Int, 201(1-3), 38-44. eScholarID:95089 | PMID:20434861 | DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.04.004
  • Richmond, R. & Pretty, I (2010). Identification of the edentulous individual: an investigation into the accuracy of radiographic identifications. J Forensic Sci, 55(4), 984-7. eScholarID:95084 | PMID:20412366 | DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01401.x
  • Taylor, A., Satterthwaite, J., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I (2010). An automated assessment algorithm for micro-CT images of occlusal caries. Surgeon, 8(6), 334-40. eScholarID:95088 | PMID:20950773 | DOI:10.1016/j.surge.2010.06.007
  • Yin, W., Feng, Y., Hu, D., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I (2010). [Detection and monitoring of enamel early caries in vivo using red fluorescence analysis by quantitative light-induced fluorescence method]. Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 28(3), 278-81. eScholarID:95087 | PMID:20635657
  • Zakian, C., Taylor, A., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I (2010). Occlusal caries detection by using thermal imaging. J Dent, 38(10), 788-95. eScholarID:95085 | PMID:20599464 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2010.06.010


  • Bowers, C. & Pretty, I (2009). Expert disagreement in bitemark casework. J Forensic Sci, 54(4), 915-8. eScholarID:17886 | PMID:19486248 | DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01073.x
  • Coulthwaite, L., Pretty, I., Smith, P., Higham, S. & Verran, J (2009). QLF is not readily suitable for in vivo denture plaque assessment. J Dent, 37(11), 898-901. eScholarID:17884 | PMID:19665277 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2009.07.002
  • Cunliffe, J. & Pretty, I (2009). Patients' ranking of interdental "black triangles" against other common aesthetic problems. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent, 17(4), 177-81. eScholarID:95090 | PMID:20158060
  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood RP, Pretty IA, Cheung V. (2009). Development of a whiteness index for dentistry. J Dent, 37 Suppl 1, eScholarID:1d21353 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2009.05.011
  • Richmond, R. & Pretty, I (2009). A range of postmortem assault experiments conducted on a variety of denture labels used for the purpose of identification of edentulous individuals. J Forensic Sci, 54(2), 411-4. eScholarID:17897 | PMID:19261053 | DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.00987.x
  • Richmond, R. & Pretty, I (2009). The teaching of denture marking methods in dental schools in the United Kingdom and the United States. J Forensic Sci, 54(6), 1407-10. eScholarID:95091 | PMID:19804522 | DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01174.x
  • Richmond, R. & Pretty, I (2009). The use of radio-frequency identification tags for labeling dentures--scanning properties. J Forensic Sci, 54(3), 664-8. eScholarID:17887 | PMID:19302386 | DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01010.x
  • Taylor, A., Ellwood, R., Pretty, I. & Mohan, N (2009). Quantitative stain detection in vivo using fluorescent imaging. J Dent, 37(5), 397-405. eScholarID:17889 | PMID:19250731 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2009.01.012


  • Feng Y, Yin W, Hu D, Zhang Y, Pretty IA, Ellwood RP. (2008). [Detection and prevention of early caries after fluoride dentifrice application using quantitative light-induced fluorescence in vivo]. Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 26( 6), eScholarID:1d18893
  • Mohan N, Westland S, Brunton P, Ellwood RP, Pretty IA, Luo W. (2008). A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel tray based tooth whitening system. J Dent, 36( 1), 21-6. eScholarID:1d17321
  • Pretty IA. (2008). Forensic dentistry: 2. Bitemarks and bite injuries. Dent Update, 35( 1), 48-50, 53-4, 57-8 pa. eScholarID:1d17317
  • Zakian CM, Pretty IA, Ellwood RP, Hamlin D. (2008). In vivo quantification of gingival inflammation using spectral imaging. J Biomed Opt, 13( 5), eScholarID:1d18156 | DOI:10.1117/1.2982536


  • Feng Y, Yin W, Hu D, Zhang Y, Ellwood RP, Pretty IA. (2007). Assessment of autofluorescence to detect the remineralization capabilities of sodium fluoride, monofluorophosphate and non-fluoride dentifrices. A single-blind cluster randomized trial. Caries Res, 41( 5), 358-64. eScholarID:1d16152
  • Luo W, Westland S, Brunton P, Ellwood RP, Pretty IA, Mohan N. (2007). Comparison of the ability of different colour indices to assess changes in tooth whiteness. J Dent, eScholarID:1d14082
  • Pretty IA, Ellwood RP. (2007). Comparison of paired visual assessment and software analyses of changes in caries status over 6 months from fluorescence images. Caries Res, 41( 2), 115-20. eScholarID:1d15190
  • Pretty IA. (2007). Development and validation of a human bitemark severity and significance scale. J Forensic Sci, 52( 3), 687-91. eScholarID:1d17322
  • Pretty IA. (2007). Forensic dentistry: 1. Identification of human remains. Dent Update, 34( 10), 621-2, 624-6, 629-30. eScholarID:1d17318
  • Richmond R, Pretty IA. (2007). Antemortem records of forensic significance among edentulous individuals. J Forensic Sci, 52( 2), 423-7. eScholarID:1d15383
  • Richmond R, Pretty IA. (2007). Denture marking--patient preference of various methods. J Forensic Sci, 52( 6), 1338-42. eScholarID:1d17319
  • Yin W, Feng Y, Hu D, Ellwood RP, Pretty IA. (2007). Reliability of quantitative laser fluorescence analysis of smooth surface lesions adjacent to the gingival tissues. Caries Res, 41( 3), 186-9. eScholarID:1d17324


  • Brunton P, Aminian A, Pretty IA. (2006). Vital tooth bleaching in dental practice: 2. Novel bleaching systems. Dent Update, 33( 6), 357-8, 360-2. eScholarID:1d13602
  • Coulthwaite L, Pretty IA, Smith P, Higham S, Verran J. (2006). The Microbiological Origin of Fluorescence Observed in Plaque on Dentures during QLF Analysis. Caries Res, 40( 2), 112-6. eScholarID:1d12794
  • Pretty IA, Ellwood P, Davies R, Worthington H, Ellwood R. (2006). The effects of illumination and focal distance on light-induced fluorescence images in vitro. Caries Res, 40( 1), 73-6. eScholarID:1d17326
  • Pretty IA, Ellwood RP, Brunton P, Aminian A. (2006). Vital tooth bleaching in dental practice: 1. Professional bleaching. Dent Update, 33( 5), 288-90, 293-6, 299-3. eScholarID:1d13485
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2006). The judicial view of bitemarks within the United States Criminal Justice System. J Forensic Odontostomatol, 24( 1), 1-11. eScholarID:1d13449
  • Pretty IA, Tavener J, Browne D, Brettle D, Whelton H, Ellwood RP. (2006). Quantification of dental fluorosis using fluorescence imaging. Caries Res, 40( 5), 426-34. eScholarID:1d13620
  • Pretty IA. (2006). Caries detection and diagnosis: novel technologies. J Dent, 34( 10), 727-39. eScholarID:1d15191
  • Pretty IA. (2006). The barriers to achieving an evidence base for bitemark analysis. Forensic Sci Int, 159 Suppl, S110-20. eScholarID:1d12964
  • Richmond R, Pretty IA. (2006). Contemporary methods of labeling dental prostheses-a review of the literature. J Forensic Sci, 51( 5), 1120-6. eScholarID:1d13905


  • Pretty IA. (2005). A Review of the effectiveness of QLF to detect early caries. Early Caries Detection III. eScholarID:3d554
  • Pretty IA. (2005). Development of an occlusal caries index for QLF. Early Caries Detection III. Indiana. eScholarID:3d770
  • HIgham SM, Pretty IA, Edgar WM, Smith PW. (2005). The use of in situ models and QLF for the study of coronal caries. Journal Of Dentistry, 33, 235-241. eScholarID:1d26329 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2004.10.016
  • McNamee A, Sweet D, Pretty IA. (2005). A comparative reliability analysis of computer-generated bitemark overlays. J Forensic Sci, 50( 2), 400-5. eScholarID:1d10432
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W M, Smith PW, Higham SM. (2005). Quantification of dental plaque in the research environment. Journal Of Dentistry, 33, 193-207. eScholarID:1d26327 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2004.10.017
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2005). The effect of bleaching on enamel susceptibility to acid erosion and demineralisation. Br Dent J, 198( 5), 285-90; discussion 2. eScholarID:1d17327
  • Pretty IA, Hildebrand DP. (2005). The Forensic and Investigative Significance of Reverse Paternity Testing With Absent Maternal Sample. Am J Forensic Med Pathol, 26( 4), 340-342. eScholarID:1d12483
  • Pretty IA. (2005). Contemporary forensic odontological practice. Part 1: Human identification. Minerva Medicolegale, 125, 61-75. eScholarID:1d26863
  • Pretty IA. (2005). Contemporary forensic odontological practice. Part 2: Bite injuries. Minerva Medicolegale, 125(3), 139-152. eScholarID:1d26864
  • Romane D, Bendika Z, Senakola E, Davies R, Ellwood R, Pretty IA. (2005). The effect of video repositioning on the reliability of light-induced fluorescence imaging: an in vivo study. Caries Res, 39( 5), 397-402. eScholarID:1d32286
  • Silva MF, Davies RM, Stewart B, Devizio W, Tonholo J, Júnior JG, Pretty IA. (2005). Effect of whitening gels on the surface roughness of restorative materials in situ. Dental Materials, eScholarID:1d12607


  • Pretty IA. (2004). Reliability of Bitemark Analyses. Bitemark Evidence. Dekker, INC. eScholarID:3d1028
  • Pretty IA. (2004). Unresolved Issues in Bitemark Analysis. Bitemark Evidence. Dekker. eScholarID:3d431
  • Maupomé G, Pretty IA. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 4. Effectiveness of nonradiographic diagnostic procedures and devices in dental practice. J Can Dent Assoc, 70( 7), 470-4. eScholarID:1d8828
  • Pretty IA, Addy L, Maupomé G. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 6. Emerging technologies for detection and diagnosis of noncaries dental problems. J Can Dent Assoc, 70(9), 621-626. eScholarID:1d8825
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2004). A study to assess the efficacy of a new detergent free, whitening dentifrice in vivo using QLF planimetric analysis. Br Dent J, 197( 9), 561-6. eScholarID:1d8943 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4811809
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2004). The effect of dehydration on quantitative light-induced fluorescence analysis of early enamel demineralization. J Oral Rehabil, 31( 2), 179-84. eScholarID:1d8832
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2004). The validation of quantitative light-induced fluorescence to quantify acid erosion of human enamel. Arch Oral Biol, 49( 4), 285-94. eScholarID:1d8833 | DOI:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2003.11.008
  • Pretty IA, Hall R. (2004). Self-extraction of teeth involving gamma-hydroxybutyric acid. J Forensic Sci, 49( 5), 1069-72. eScholarID:1d8826
  • Pretty IA, Maupomé G. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 1. Reliability, validity, specificity and sensitivity of diagnostic procedures. J Can Dent Assoc, 70(4), 251-255. eScholarID:1d8831
  • Pretty IA, Maupomé G. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 2. Using predictive values and receiver operating characteristics in assessing diagnostic accuracy. J Can Dent Assoc, 70(5), 313-316. eScholarID:1d8830
  • Pretty IA, Maupomé G. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 3. Effectiveness of radiographic diagnostic procedures. J Can Dent Assoc, 70(6), 388-394. eScholarID:1d8829
  • Pretty IA, Maupomé G. (2004). A closer look at diagnosis in clinical dental practice: part 5. Emerging technologies for caries detection and diagnosis. J Can Dent Assoc, 70( 8), eScholarID:1d8827


  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2003). The erosive potential of commercially available mouthrinses on enamel as measured by Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF). J Dent, 31( 5), 313-9. eScholarID:1d8840 | DOI:10.1016/S0300-5712(03)00067-8
  • Pretty IA, Gallagher M, Martin M, Edgar W, Higham S. (2003). A study to assess the effects of a new detergent-free, olive oil formulation dentifrice in vitro and in vivo. J Dent, 31( 5), 327-32. eScholarID:1d8839 | DOI:10.1016/S0300-5712(03)00052-6
  • Pretty IA, Ingram G, Agalamanyi E, Edgar W, Higham S. (2003). The use of fluorescein-enhanced quantitative light-induced fluorescence to monitor de- and re-mineralization of in vitro root caries. J Oral Rehabil, 30( 12), 1151-6. eScholarID:1d8834
  • Pretty IA, Pender N, Edgar W, Higham S. (2003). The in vitro detection of early enamel de- and re-mineralization adjacent to bonded orthodontic cleats using quantitative light-induced fluorescence. Eur J Orthod, 25( 3), 217-23. eScholarID:1d8838
  • Pretty IA, Pretty R, Rothwell B, Sweet D. (2003). The reliability of digitized radiographs for dental identification: a Web-based study. J Forensic Sci, 48( 6), 1325-30. eScholarID:1d8835
  • Pretty IA, Smith PW, Edgar WM, Higham SM. (2003). Detection of in vitro demineralization adjacent to restorations using quantitative light induced flourescence (QLF). Dental Materials, 19, 368-374. eScholarID:1d25502 | DOI:10.1016/S0109-5641(02)00079-9
  • Pretty IA. (2003). A web-based survey of odontologist's opinions concerning bitemark analyses. J Forensic Sci, 48( 5), 1117-20. eScholarID:1d8837
  • Pretty IA. (2003). The use of dental aging techniques in forensic odontological practice. J Forensic Sci, 48( 5), 1127-32. eScholarID:1d8836


  • Gaytmenn R, Hildebrand D, Sweet D, Pretty IA. (2002). Determination of the sensitivity and specificity of sibship calculations using AmpF lSTR Profiler Plus. Int J Legal Med, 116( 3), 161-4. eScholarID:1d8846
  • Pretty IA, Addy L. (2002). Associated postmortem dental findings as an aid to personal identification. Sci Justice, 42( 2), 65-74. eScholarID:1d8842
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2002). Detection of in vitro demineralization of primary teeth using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). Int J Paediatr Dent, 12( 3), 158-67. eScholarID:1d8849
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2002). The effect of ambient light on QLF analyses. J Oral Rehabil, 29( 4), 369-73. eScholarID:1d8850
  • Pretty IA, Hall A, Smith P, Edgar W, Higham S. (2002). The intra- and inter-examiner reliability of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) analyses. Br Dent J, 193( 2), 105-9. eScholarID:1d8844
  • Pretty IA, Hall R. (2002). Forensic dentistry and human bite marks: issues for doctors. Hosp Med, 63( 8), 476-82. eScholarID:1d8843
  • Pretty IA, Smith P, Edgar W, Higham S. (2002). The use of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) to identify composite restorations in forensic examinations. J Forensic Sci, 47( 4), 831-6. eScholarID:1d8845
  • Pretty IA, Webb D, Sweet D. (2002). Dental participants in mass disasters--a retrospective study with future implications. J Forensic Sci, 47( 1), 117-20. eScholarID:1d8847
  • Webb D, Sweet D, Hinman D, Pretty IA. (2002). Forensic implications of biting behavior: a conceptually underdeveloped area of investigation. J Forensic Sci, 47( 1), 103-6. eScholarID:1d8848
  • Webb DA, Sweet D, Pretty IA. (2002). The emotional and psychological impact of mass casualty incidents on forensic odontologists. Journal of Forensic Science, 47(3), 539-541. eScholarID:1d26051


  • Arheart K, Pretty IA. (2001). Results of the 4th ABFO Bitemark Workshop--1999. Forensic Sci Int, 124( 2-3), 104-11. eScholarID:1d8851
  • Pretty IA, Edgar W, Higham S. (2001). The use of QLF to quantify in vitro whitening in a product testing model. Br Dent J, 191( 10), 566-9. eScholarID:1d8852
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2001). A look at forensic dentistry--Part 1: The role of teeth in the determination of human identity. Br Dent J, 190( 7), 359-66. eScholarID:1d8858
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2001). Adherence of forensic odontologists to the ABFO bite mark guidelines for suspect evidence collection. J Forensic Sci, 46( 5), 1152-8. eScholarID:1d8855
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2001). Digital bite mark overlays--an analysis of effectiveness. J Forensic Sci, 46( 6), 1385-91. eScholarID:1d8854
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2001). The scientific basis for human bitemark analyses--a critical review. Sci Justice, 41( 2), 85-92. eScholarID:1d8856
  • Pretty IA, Turnbull M. (2001). Lack of dental uniqueness between two bite mark suspects. J Forensic Sci, 46( 6), 1487-91. eScholarID:1d8853
  • Pretty IA, Webb D, Sweet D. (2001). The design and assessment of mock mass disasters for dental personnel. J Forensic Sci, 46( 1), 74-9. eScholarID:1d8859
  • Sweet D, Pretty IA. (2001). A look at forensic dentistry--Part 2: teeth as weapons of violence--identification of bitemark perpetrators. Br Dent J, 190( 8), 415-8. eScholarID:1d8857


  • Kim JJ, Pretty IA. (2000). Management of dentinal hypersensitivity. Dental Hygiene, 34, 36-39. eScholarID:1d8950
  • Pretty IA, Sweet D. (2000). Anatomical location of bitemarks and associated findings in 101 cases from the United States. J Forensic Sci, 45( 4), 812-4. eScholarID:1d8860


  • Pretty IA, Anderson G, Sweet D. (1999). Human bites and the risk of human immunodeficiency virus transmission. Am J Forensic Med Pathol, 20( 3), 232-9. eScholarID:1d8861
  • Pretty IA. (1999). Futuristic forensics. Br Dent J, 187( 4), 180. eScholarID:17d843

  • McGrady, M., Ellwood, R. & Pretty, I The water fluoridation debate. Dent Update, 38(1), 12-4, 16-8, 20-2. eScholarID:144798 | PMID:21366151
  • Zakian, C., Pretty, I. & Ellwood, R Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging of teeth for dental caries detection. J Biomed Opt, 14(6), 064047. eScholarID:95086 | PMID:20059285 | DOI:10.1117/1.3275480

Research projects