Professor Martin Tickle BDS, MSc, FDS [DPH, DDPH] RCS(Eng), PhD, FFPH

Photograph of Martin Tickle

Professor of Dental Public Health and Primary Care

Martin Tickle
Professor of Dental Public Health & Primary Care
Director of Research
School of Dentistry
University of Manchester
Oxford Road
M15 6FH 


Professor Tickle is the Director of Research for the School of Dentistry. He is academic lead for the Population Health and Implementation Domain of the Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre and has an honorary Consultant in Dental Public Health contract with Public Health England.

Memberships of Committees and Professional Bodies

Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health
American Public Health Association
Dental Protection Society
British Dental Association
British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry
European Association of Dental Public Health
International Association of Dental Research
Society for Clinical Trials
IADR Investigator


Professor Martin Tickle qualified from the School of Dental, University Liverpool in 1981. He spent 8 years in general practice in a deprived area of inner-city Liverpool before moving into the hospital service in 1990. After working as a senior house officer in maxillofacial surgery he was awarded a Fellowship in Dental Surgery of the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1991. In 1992 he started work in the Community Dental Service in Liverpool and commenced his studies as masters student in the University of Manchester in 1993. In 1994 he was appointed to a specialist training post in Dental Public Health in the Mersey Deanery, under the supervision of Tony Jenner (ex Deputy CDO for England). In 1995 he was awarded an MSc in Dental Public Health by Manchester University and the Diploma in Dental Public Health by the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
He completed his specialist training in Dental Public Health in 1998 and was entered onto the specialist register of the General Dental Council. In 1999 he was awarded his doctorate by the University of Manchester; the title of his thesis was Small area oral health care needs assessment.
The University of Manchester and Manchester and Salford & Trafford Health Authorities appointed Professor Tickle to a joint post as Senior Lecturer/Honorary Consultant in Dental Public Health in 2000. In 2002 he was appointed as Consultant in Dental Public Health for Greater Manchester Strategic Health Authority under an honorary NHS contract. In June 2003 he was awarded a NIHR Public Health Career Scientist Award, the first dentist to receive this prestigious award. In August 2005 the University of Manchester awarded him a personal chair in Dental Public Health and Primary Care. In 2007 Professor Tickle was recruited as honorary Consultant in Dental Public Health and dental lead for the North West Strategic Health Authority.
In 2004 Professor Tickle established the Oral Health Unit within the National Primary Care R&D Centre. He has received multiple research grants from the Department of Health, the NIHR Health Services & Delivery Research Programme, the NIHR HTA programme, NIHR Research for Patient Benefit. A NIHR Programme Development Grant, the Wellcome Trust, the Borrow Foundation and NHS organisations. He is Director of the highly successful Dental Integrated Academic Training Programme in Manchester, working very closely with the North West Deanery.
Professor Tickle is Director of Research for the School of Dentistry. He has published over 100 peer reviewed research papers in the foremost international journals in his field. Research undertaken by his group has had significant impact on policy and clinical practice, for example a large research programme undertaken in Manchester on school dental screening changed policy in the UK leading to cessation of the national school dental screening programme. He has received research funding in excess of £10 million over the last 10 years. Professor Tickle has an international reputation in dental public health and health services research. His research interests include reducing inequalities in dental disease and consumption of dental healthcare resources, the costs and effects of population programmes and practice-based interventions to reduce the impact of dental disease and improving the evidence base for delivery and organisation of dental care services. He has expertise in designing and managing large randomised controlled trials in public health and general practice settings and conducting health services research projects using mixed methods in different settings.


BDS The University of LIverpool 1981

FDS RCS The Royal College of Surgeons of England 1991 

DDPH The Royal College of Surgeons of England 1994

MSc in Dental Public Health The University of Manchester 1995

FDS [DPH] RSC Specialty Fellowship in Dental Public Health Royal College of Surgeons  Intercollegiate Board 1998

PhD The University of Manchester 1999

FFPH Faculty of Public Health 2008



  • Sharif, M., Catleugh, M., Merry, A., Tickle, M., Dunne, S., Brunton, P., Aggarwal, V. & Chong, L (2014). Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: resin composite. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2, CD005971. eScholarID:223040 | PMID:24510679 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005971.pub3
  • Sharif, M., Merry, A., Catleugh, M., Tickle, M., Brunton, P., Dunne, S., Aggarwal, V. & Chong, L (2014). Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: amalgam. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2, CD005970. eScholarID:223039 | PMID:24510713 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005970.pub3


  • Boye U, Foster GRK, Pretty IA, Tickle M. (2013). The views of examiners on the use of intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies. Community Dental Health, 30(1), 34-38. eScholarID:189414
  • Boye, U., Pretty, I., Tickle, M. & Walsh, T (2013). Comparison of caries detection methods using varying numbers of intra-oral digital photographs with visual examination for epidemiology in children. BMC Oral Health, 13, 6. eScholarID:201206 | PMID:23312001 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-6
  • Boye, U., Willasey, A., Walsh, T., Tickle, M. & Pretty, I (2013). Comparison of an intra-oral photographic caries assessment with an established visual caries assessment method for use in dental epidemiological studies of children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, eScholarID:201202 | PMID:23566100 | DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12049
  • Brocklehurst, P., Birch, S., McDonald, R. & Tickle, M (2013). Determining the optimal model for role-substitution in NHS dental services in the United Kingdom. BMC Oral Health, 13(1), 46. eScholarID:209897 | PMID:24063247 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-46
  • Brocklehurst, P., Ferguson, J., Taylor, N. & Tickle, M (2013). What is clinical leadership and why might it be important in dentistry? Br Dent J, 214(5), 243-6. eScholarID:201207 | PMID:23470386 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.219
  • Brocklehurst, P., Price, J., Glenny, A., Tickle, M., Birch, S., Mertz, E. & Grytten, J (2013). The effect of different methods of remuneration on the behaviour of primary care dentists. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 11, CD009853. eScholarID:218918 | PMID:24194456 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009853.pub2
  • Campbell, S. & Tickle, M (2013). How do we improve quality in primary dental care? Br Dent J, 215(5), 239-43. eScholarID:207602 | PMID:24029991 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.831
  • Campbell, S. & Tickle, M (2013). What is quality primary dental care? Br Dent J, 215(3), 135-9. eScholarID:207326 | PMID:23928610 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.740
  • Clarkson, J., Ramsay, C., Averley, P., Bonetti, D., Boyers, D., Campbell, L., Chadwick, G., Duncan, A., Elders, A., Gouick, J., Hall, A., Heasman, L., Heasman, P., Hodge, P., Jones, C., Laird, M., Lamont, T., Lovelock, L., Madden, I., McCombes, W., McCracken, G., McDonald, A., McPherson, G., Macpherson, L., Mitchell, F., Norrie, J., Pitts, N., van der Pol, M., Ricketts, D., Ross, M., Steele, J., Swan, M., Tickle, M., Watt, P., Worthington, H. & Young, L (2013). IQuaD dental trial; improving the quality of dentistry: a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing oral hygiene advice and periodontal instrumentation for the prevention and management of periodontal disease in dentate adults attending dental primary care. BMC Oral Health, 13, 58. eScholarID:218917 | PMID:24160246 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-58
  • Glenny, A., Worthington, H., Milsom, K., Rooney, E. & Tickle, M (2013). Strategies for maximizing consent rates for child dental health surveys: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Med Res Methodol, 13(Septemebr), art108. eScholarID:207327 | PMID:24006895 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2288-13-108
  • Jones, C., Macfarlane, T., Milsom, K., Ratcliffe, P., Wyllie, A. & Tickle, M (2013). Patient perceptions regarding benefits of single visit scale and polish: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Oral Health, 13, 50. eScholarID:218919 | PMID:24090395 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-50
  • Macey, R., Walsh, T., Glenny, A., Worthington, H., Tickle, M., Ashley, J. & Brocklehurst, P (2013). Protocol for diagnostic test accuracy study: the efficacy of screening for common dental diseases by Dental Care Professionals. BMC Oral Health, 13(1), 45. eScholarID:209896 | PMID:24053760 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-45
  • Northcott, A., Brocklehurst, P., Jerković-Ćosić, K., Reinders, J., McDermott, I. & Tickle, M (2013). Direct access: lessons learnt from the Netherlands. Br Dent J, 215(12), 607-10. eScholarID:218920 | PMID:24357763 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.1193
  • Tickle, M. & Campbell, S (2013). How do we measure quality in primary dental care? Br Dent J, 215(4), 183-7. eScholarID:207325 | PMID:23969661 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2013.789


  • Aggarwal VR, Joughin A, Zakrzewska J, Appelbe P and Tickle M. (2012). Dentists' preferences for diagnosis, management and referral of chronic oro-facial pain: Results from a national survey. Health Education Journal, 71(6), 662-669. eScholarID:183300
  • Boye U, Foster GRK, Pretty IA and Tickle M. (2012). Children's views on the experience of a visual examination and intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies. Community Dental Health, 29(4), 284-288. eScholarID:183301
  • Boye, U., Walsh, T., Pretty, I. & Tickle, M (2012). Comparison of photographic and visual assessment of occlusal caries with histology as the reference standard. BMC Oral Health, 12(1), 10. eScholarID:161796 | PMID:22540771 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-10
  • Brocklehurst P and Tickle M. (2012). Planning a dental workforce for the future for the National Health Service in the United Kingdom: What factors should be accounted for? Health Education Journal, 71(3), 340-349. eScholarID:165182 | DOI:10.1177/0017896911398815
  • Brocklehurst, P., Ashley, J., Walsh, T. & Tickle, M (2012). Relative performance of different dental professional groups in screening for occlusal caries. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, eScholarID:159129 | PMID:22390725 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2012.00671.x
  • Brocklehurst, P., Tickle, M., Glenny, A., Lewis, M., Pemberton, M., Taylor, J., Walsh, T., Riley, P. & Yates, J (2012). Systemic interventions for recurrent aphthous stomatitis (mouth ulcers). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 9, CD005411. eScholarID:201208 | PMID:22972085 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005411.pub2
  • Currie RB, Pretty IA, Tickle M and Maupome G. (2012). Letter from America: UK and US state-funded dental provision. Community Dental Health, 29(4), 315-320. eScholarID:183304
  • Currie, R., Pretty, I., Tickle, M. & Maupomé, G (2012). Conundrums in health care reform: current experiences across the North Atlantic. J Public Health Dent, eScholarID:161799 | PMID:22316052 | DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2011.00294.x
  • Foster GRK and Tickle M. (2012). Optimizing school-based health-promotion programmes; Lessons from a qualitative study of fluoridated milk schemes in the UK. Health Education Journal, 71(1), eScholarID:165183
  • McDonald, R., Cheraghi-Sohi, S., Sanders, C. & Tickle, M (2012). Changes to financial incentives in English dentistry 2006-2009: a qualitative study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, eScholarID:159130 | PMID:22462814 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2012.00687.x
  • Paul R Brocklehurst, Phil Morris and Martin Tickle. (2012). Social marketing: an appropriate strategy to reduce oral health inequalities? International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 50(2), 81-91. eScholarID:160518 | DOI:10.1080/14635240.2012.661969
  • Tickle, M (2012). Revolution in the provision of dental services in the UK. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 40 Suppl 2, 110-6. eScholarID:179741 | PMID:22998314 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2012.00729.x
  • Tickle, M., Milsom, K., Crawford, F. & Aggarwal, V (2012). Predictors of pain associated with routine procedures performed in general dental practice. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, eScholarID:155679 | PMID:22316006 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2012.00673.x


  • Aggarwal, V., Joughin, A., Zakrzewska, J., Crawford, F. & Tickle, M (2011). Dentists' and specialists' knowledge of chronic orofacial pain: results from a continuing professional development survey. Prim Dent Care, 18(1), 41-4. eScholarID:119717 | PMID:21214979 | DOI:10.1308/135576111794065838
  • Anantharaman, D., Marron, M., Lagiou, P., Samoli, E., Ahrens, W., Pohlabeln, H., Slamova, A., Schejbalova, M., Merletti, F., Richiardi, L., Kjaerheim, K., Castellsague, X., Agudo, A., Talamini, R., Barzan, L., Macfarlane, T., Tickle, M., Simonato, L., Canova, C., Conway, D., McKinney, P., Thomson, P., Znaor, A., Healy, C., McCartan, B., Hashibe, M., Brennan, P. & Macfarlane, G (2011). Population attributable risk of tobacco and alcohol for upper aerodigestive tract cancer. Oral Oncol, 47(8), 725-31. eScholarID:133487 | PMID:21684805 | DOI:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2011.05.004
  • Brocklehurst, P. & Tickle, M (2011). Is skill mix profitable in the current NHS dental contract in England? Br Dent J, 210(7), 303-8. eScholarID:132592 | PMID:21475274 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.238
  • Brocklehurst, P. & Tickle, M (2011). The policy context for skill mix in the National Health Service in the United Kingdom. Br Dent J, 211(6), 265-9. eScholarID:132593 | PMID:21941321 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.765
  • Brocklehurst, P., Ashley, J. & Tickle, M (2011). Patient assessment in general dental practice - risk assessment or clinical monitoring? Br Dent J, 210(8), 351-4. eScholarID:132594 | PMID:21509009 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.284
  • Brocklehurst, P., Jones, C. & Tickle, M (2011). QIPP: cutting budgets or working smarter? Br Dent J, 210(8), 369-73. eScholarID:132595 | PMID:21509017 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.286
  • Downer, M., Drugan, C., Foster, G. & Tickle, M (2011). Estimating the potential impact on dental caries in children of fluoridating a UK city. Community Dent Health, 28(1), 34-9. eScholarID:143018 | PMID:21485232
  • Foster, G., Downer, M. & Tickle, M (2011). Modelling the impact of process variables in community fluoridated milk schemes on a population of UK schoolchildren. Br Dent J, 210(10), E17. eScholarID:132590 | PMID:21617649 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.388
  • Hopper, L., Morris, L. & Tickle, M (2011). How primary care dentists perceive and are influenced by research. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 39(2), 97-104. eScholarID:119718 | PMID:21091753 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2010.00578.x
  • Hopper, L., Morris, L., Brocklehurst, P. & Tickle, M (2011). A qualitative investigation of the views of primary care dentists on participating in prospective studies in the North-West of England. Br Dent J, 210(11), E18. eScholarID:132596 | PMID:21659986 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.429
  • Jones, C., Milsom, K., Ratcliffe, P., Wyllie, A., Macfarlane, T. & Tickle, M (2011). Clinical outcomes of Single-Visit oral Prophylaxis: A practice-based randomised controlled trial. BMC Oral Health, 11(December), art35. eScholarID:143020 | PMID:22204658 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-11-35
  • Milsom, K., Blinkhorn, A., Walsh, T., Worthington, H., Kearney-Mitchell, P., Whitehead, H. & Tickle, M (2011). A Cluster-randomized Controlled Trial: Fluoride Varnish in School Children. Journal of dental research, 90(11), 1306. eScholarID:131799 | PMID:21921250 | DOI:10.1177/0022034511422063
  • Pearce, M., Gedling, C., Whittle, G., Tickle, M. & Mallinson, S (2011). Factors that dentists use to decide whether or not to render a patient edentulous. Part 1. A qualitative study of East Lancashire general dental practitioners' views. Prim Dent Care, 18(1), 13-8. eScholarID:119719 | PMID:21214974 | DOI:10.1308/135576111794065801
  • Tickle, M., McDonald, R., Franklin, J., Aggarwal, V., Milsom, K. & Reeves, D (2011). Paying for the wrong kind of performance? Financial incentives and behaviour changes in National Health Service dentistry 1992–2009. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology, 39(5), 465. eScholarID:131798 | PMID:21668463 | DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00622.x
  • Tickle, M., Milsom, K., Donaldson, M., Killough, S., O'Neill, C., Crealey, G., Sutton, M., Noble, S., Greer, M. & Worthington, H (2011). Protocol for Northern Ireland Caries Prevention in Practice Trial (NIC-PIP) trial: a randomised controlled trial to measure the effects and costs of a dental caries prevention regime for young children attending primary care dental services. BMC Oral Health, 11, 27. eScholarID:137458 | PMID:21985746 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-11-27


  • Aggarwal, V., Tickle, M., Javidi, H. & Peters, S (2010). Reviewing the evidence: can cognitive behavioral therapy improve outcomes for patients with chronic orofacial pain? J Orofac Pain, 24(2), 163-71. eScholarID:79957 | PMID:20401354
  • Milsom, K. & Tickle, M (2010). Preventing decay in children: dare we risk the 'risk assessment' model in practice? Br Dent J, 209(4), 159-60. eScholarID:89179 | PMID:20798719 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2010.720
  • Sharif, M., Catleugh, M., Merry, A., Tickle, M., Dunne, S., Brunton, P. & Aggarwal, V (2010). Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: resin composite. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2, CD005971. eScholarID:79947 | PMID:20166078 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005971.pub2
  • Sharif, M., Fedorowicz, Z., Tickle, M. & Brunton, P (2010). Repair or replacement of restorations: do we accept built in obsolescence or do we improve the evidence? Br Dent J, 209(4), 171-4. eScholarID:89180 | PMID:20798721 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2010.722
  • Sharif, M., Merry, A., Catleugh, M., Tickle, M., Brunton, P., Dunne, S. & Aggarwal, V (2010). Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: amalgam. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2, CD005970. eScholarID:79948 | PMID:20166077 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005970.pub2


  • GRK Foster, MC Downer, M Lunt, V Aggarwal and M Tickle. (2009). Predictive tool for estimating the potential effect of water fluoridation on dental caries. Community Dental Health, 26(1), 5-11. eScholarID:29871
  • Jones C, Joughin A, Tickle M. (2009). Darzi and dentistry: the emerging quality agenda for GDPs in England. Dental Update, 36(9), 558-568. eScholarID:77248
  • Milsom K, Jones C, Kearney-Mitchell P, Tickle M. (2009). A comparative needs assessment of the dental health of adults attending dental access centres and general dental practices in Halton & St Helens and Warrington PCTs 2007. Br Dent J, 206( 5), 257-61. eScholarID:1d18861 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2009.165
  • Tickle M, Jones C, Buchannan K, Milsom K, Blinkhorn A, Humphris G. (2009). A prospective study of dental anxiety in a cohort of children followed from 5 to 9 years of age. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 19(4), 225. eScholarID:1d19559 | DOI:10.1111/j.1365-263X.2009.00976.x


  • Blinkhorn A, Tickle M, Kearney-Mitchell P, Lucarotti S, Milsom K. (2008). English general dental practitioners' views on the new contract: The problems of collecting information in a time of change. Health Education Journal, 67(3), 231-239. eScholarID:165089 | DOI:10.1177/0017896908095779
  • Buchanan K, Milsom K, Zoitopoulos L, Pau A, Tickle M. (2008). The performance of a screening test for urgent dental treatment need in a prison population. Br Dent J, 205( 10), E19; discussion 560-. eScholarID:1d18297 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.950
  • Milsom K, Threlfall A, Pine K, Tickle M, Blinkhorn A, Kearney-Mitchell P. (2008). The introduction of the new dental contract in England - a baseline qualitative assessment. Br Dent J, 204( 2), 59-62. eScholarID:1d17343
  • Milsom KM, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2008). The incidence of dental caries in the primary molar teeth of young children receiving National Health Service funded dental care in practices in the North West of England. Br Dent J, eScholarID:1d17817 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.582
  • Milsom KM, Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS. (2008). Is School Dental Screening a Political or a Scientific Intervention? J Dent Res, 87( 10), 896-899. eScholarID:1d17813
  • Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS, Milsom K. (2008). The occurrence of dental pain and extractions over a 3-year period in a cohort of children aged 3-6 years. J Public Health Dent, 68( 2), 63-9. eScholarID:1d17815
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Qualtrough AJ E, Blinkhorn FA, Aggarwal VR. (2008). The failure rate of NHS funded molar endodontic treatment delivered in general dental practice. Br Dent J, 204( 5), E8; discussion 254-5. eScholarID:1d17342
  • Tickle M, Milsom K. (2008). The whole population approach to caries prevention in general dental practice. Br Dent J, 205( 10), eScholarID:1d18295 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.985
  • Tickle M. (2008). No problem up north. Br Dent J, 204( 12), eScholarID:1d17818 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.509
  • Walsh TC, Tickle M, Milsom K, Buchanan K, Zoitopoulos L. (2008). An investigation of the nature of research into dental health in prisons: a systematic review. Br Dent J, 204( 12), 683-9; discussion 66. eScholarID:1d17820 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.525


  • Dailey Y, Milsom K, Pilkington L, Blinkhorn A, Threlfall A, Tickle M. (2007). A qualitative investigation of the influence of time since graduation on English dentists' approach to the care of young children. Int J Paediatr Dent, 17( 5), 336-44. eScholarID:1d17345
  • Threlfall A, Hunt CM, Milsom K, Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS. (2007). Exploring factors that influence general dental practitioners when providing advice to help prevent caries in children. Br Dent J, eScholarID:1d15227
  • Threlfall A, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2007). General Dental Practitioner's views on dental general anaesthesia services. Community Dental Health, 24, 93-96. eScholarID:1d26544
  • Threlfall A, Milsom K, Hunt CM, Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS. (2007). Exploring the content of the advice provided by general dental practitioners to help prevent caries in young children. Br Dent J, eScholarID:1d15139
  • Tickle M, Threlfall A, Pilkington L, Milsom K, Duggal MS, Blinkhorn AS. (2007). Approaches taken to the treatment of young children with carious primary teeth: a national cross-sectional survey of general dental practitioners and paediatric specialists in England. Br Dent J, eScholarID:1d15921
  • Tickle M, Yeung C, Milsom K, Blinkhorn A. (2007). The prescription and outcomes of fissure sealants applied to a group of high caries risk children by general dental practitioners working in the North West of England. Community Dent Health, 24( 3), 135-9. eScholarID:1d17344


  • Elkind AK, Blinkhorn FA, Mackie IC, Tickle M, Duxbury JT, Blinkhorn AS. (2006). Service quality implications of dental undergraduate outreach teaching for Primary Care Trusts in England, UK. Community Dental Health, 23, 75-79. eScholarID:1d13451
  • Kearney-Mitchell P, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2006). The development of a consensus among primary care dentists of referral criteria for school dental screening. Br Dent J, 200( 9), 509-12. eScholarID:1d13565
  • Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Worthington HV, Threlfall A, Buchanan K, Kearney-Mitchell P, Tickle M. (2006). The Effectiveness of School Dental Screening: a Cluster-randomized Control Trial. J Dent Res, 85( 10), 924-8. eScholarID:1d13855
  • Milsom K, Threlfall A, Blinkhorn AS, P.I. Kearney-Mitchell, K.M. Buchanan, Tickle M. (2006). The effectiveness of school dental screening: dental attendance and treatment of those screened positive. British Dental Journal, 200, 687-690. eScholarID:1d13456 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4813724
  • Threlfall A, Milsom K, Catleugh M, Kearney-Mitchell P, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2006). A survey of school dental screening practise in community dental services of England and Wales in 2003. Community Dent Health, 23( 4), 236-8. eScholarID:1d14650
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Buchanan K, Blinkhorn AS. (2006). Dental screening in schools: the views of parents, teachers and school nurses. Br Dent J, 201( 12), 769-73; discussion 7. eScholarID:1d14648
  • Tickle M. (2006). Improving the oral health of young children through an evidence-based approach. Community Dent Health, 23( 1), 2-4. eScholarID:1d12884


  • Anthony Threlfall, Catleugh M, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2005). IN PRESS School Dental Screening in the Community Dental Services of the England and Wales in 2003. Community Dental Health, eScholarID:1d26546
  • Duxbury JT, Davies GM, Catleugh MA, Woodward M, Tickle M. (2005). The use of audit as a means of improving the quality of a health promotion intervention - an example from the Manchester School Fluoride Milk Scheme. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 43, 87-91. eScholarID:1d26550
  • Threlfall A, Kanaa M, Davies SJ, Tickle M. (2005). Possible link between extraction of wisdom teeth and temporomandibular disc displacement with reduction: matched case control study. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 43( 1), 13-6. eScholarID:1d9601
  • Threlfall A, Pilkington L, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2005). General Dental Practitioner's views on the use of stainless steel crowns to restore primary molars. British Dental Journal, 199, 453-455. eScholarID:1d26542 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4812746
  • Tickle M, Yeung CA, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS. (2005). IN PRESS The outcomes of fissure sealants placed by dentists working in the General Dental Service in the North West of England. Community Dental Health, eScholarID:1d26548
  • Yeung CA, Hitchings J, Macfarlane TV, Threlfall A, Tickle M, Glenny A. (2005). Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, ( 3), eScholarID:1d33972


  • Milsom K, Tickle M, Humphris G, Blinkhorn AS. (2003). The relationship between anxiety and dental treatment experience in 5 year old children. British Dental Journal, 194, 503-506. eScholarID:1d24388 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4810070
  • Milsom K, Tickle M, King D. (2003). Does the dental profession know how to care for the primary dentition. British Dental Journal, 195, 301-303. eScholarID:1d25456 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4810525
  • Tickle M, K Milsom, Humphries GM, Blinkhorn AS. (2003). Parental attitudes to the care of the carious primary dentition. British Dental Journal, 195, 451-455. eScholarID:1d6694 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4810600
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS, Worthington HV. (2003). Comparing different methods to detect and correct non-response bias in postal questionnaire studies. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 63, 112-118. eScholarID:1d24036 | DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2003.tb03484.x
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Jenner T, Blinkhorn AS. (2003). The geodemograhic distribution of caries experience in neighboring fluoridated and non-fluoridated populations. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 63, 92 - 98. eScholarID:1d24235
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Jenner T, Blinkhorn AS. (2003). The geodemographic distribution of caries experience in neighboring fluoridated and nonfluoridated populations. J Public Health Dent, 63( 2), 92-8. eScholarID:1d16079
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, King D, Blinkhorn AS. (2003). The influences on preventive care provided to children who frequently attend the UK General Dental Service. British Dental Journal, 194, 329-332. eScholarID:1d24292 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4809947


  • G M Humphries, Milsom K, Tickle M, H Holbrook, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). A new dental anxiety scale for 5-year-old children (DA5): Description and concurrent validity. Health Education Journal, 61, 5-19. eScholarID:1d2212 | DOI:10.1177/001789690206100102
  • K Milsom, Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). Dental pain and dental treatment of young children attending the general dental service. British Dental Journal, 192, 280-284. eScholarID:1d2217 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4801355
  • K Milsom, Tickle M, D King, P Kearney-Mitchell, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). Outcomes associated with restored and unrestored deciduous molar teeth. Primary Dental Care, 9, 16-19. eScholarID:1d2215 | DOI:10.1308/135576102322547502
  • Milsom K, Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). The prescription and relative outcomes of different materials used in general dental practice in the north west region of England to restore the primary dentition. Journal Of Dentistry, 30, 77-82. eScholarID:1d24230 | DOI:10.1016/S0300-5712(01)00061-6
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). Inequalities in the dental treatment provided to children: an example from the UK. Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology, 30, 335-341. eScholarID:1d24232 | DOI:10.1034/j.1600-0528.2002.00058.x
  • Tickle M, Milsom K, D King, P Kearney-Mitchell, Blinkhorn AS. (2002). The fate of the carious primary teeth of children who regularly attend the general dental service. British Dental Journal, 192, 219-223. eScholarID:1d2219 | DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4801338
  • Tickle M. (2002). The 80:20 phenomenon: help or hindrance to planning caries prevention programmes?. Community Dental Health, 19, 39-42. eScholarID:1d2246


  • Blinkhorn FA, Blinkhorn AS, Tickle M. (2001). A profile of the dentists working in the community dental service in the United Kingdom in 1999. British Dental Journal, 190, 266-268. eScholarID:1d1800
  • Ireland R.S, Jenner A.M, Williams M.J, Tickle M. (2001). A clinical minimum data set for primary dental care. British Dental Journal, 190, 663-667.. eScholarID:1d1801
  • Tickle M, Craven RC, Milsom K.M, Kay EJ. (2001). The relative effects of residential and school environments on the dental caries experience of 5- and 12-year old children in the North West of England. Health Education Journal, 60, 120-126. eScholarID:1d1664 | DOI:10.1177/001789690106000203
  • Tickle M, Hayhurst G, Moulding G, Jenner A.M, Blinkhorn AS. (2001). Matching Dental Practice Board data to the Health Authority Population Register. Community Dental Health, 18, 37-41. eScholarID:1d1813
  • Tickle M. (2001). Chartermark criteria - what interests the patients? British Dental Journal, 190, eScholarID:1d1814


  • Milsom K.M, Tickle M, Jenner A.M, Peers A. (2000). A comparison of the normative and subjective assessment of the child prevalence of developmental defects of enamel amongst 12-year-olds living in the North West Region, UK. Public Health, 114, 340-344. eScholarID:1d1802
  • Tickle M, Blinkhorn AS, Brown P.J.B, Matthews R. (2000). A geodemographic analysis of the Denplan patient population in the North West Region. British Dental Journal, 189, 494-499.. eScholarID:1d1811
  • Tickle M, Brown P.J, Blinkhorn AS, Jenner T. (2000). Comparing the ability of different area measures of socio-economic status to segment a population according to caries prevalence. Community Dental Health, 17, 138-144. eScholarID:1d23422
  • Tickle M, Jenner T, Blinkhorn AS. (2000). The utility of anonymised postcoded registration data provided by the Dental Practice Board. Community Dental Health, 17, 254-256. eScholarID:1d23426
  • Tickle M, Kay EJ, Worthington HV, Blinkhorn AS. (2000). Predicting population dental disease experience at a small area level using census and health service data. Journal Of Public Health Medicine, 22, 368-374. eScholarID:1d23424
  • Tickle M, Moulding G, Milsom K.M, Blinkhorn AS. (2000). Dental caries, contact with dental services and deprivation in young children their relationship at a small area level. British Dental Journal, 189, 376-379. eScholarID:1d1809
  • Tickle M, Moulding G, Milsom K.M, Blinkhorn AS. (2000). Socio-economic and geographical influences on primary dental care preferences in a population of young children. British Dental Journal, 188, 559-562. eScholarID:1d1806
  • Tickle M, Williams M.J, Jenner A.M, Blinkhorn AS. (2000). The concept of sentinel practices in dentistry a preliminary evaluation. Primary Dental Care, 7, 39-40. eScholarID:1d1804
  • Tickle M. (2000). Proposals for the 2001 UK Census. Community Dental Health, 17, 68-69. eScholarID:1d1807